Types Of Employment Discrimination in Essex County



The law has made it illegal to discriminate against employees based on their race, religion, age, gender, nationality, or color. In addition to that, the US Supreme Court has banned discrimination against people belonging to the LGBTQ+ community and protects them from getting fired because of their sexual orientation. 

However, even after the declaration of these laws, it is unfortunate that we still see workplace discrimination happening, sometimes to our closest friends. Thankfully, you can take legal action against your employer with the help of an Essex county employment attorney to seek justice. 

To file a legal claim, you first need to understand what constitutes employment discrimination. Keep reading to find out about the most common types of discrimination occurring in workplaces. 

Types Of Employment Discrimination

  • Race and Color Discrimination. 

Race/color discrimination occurs when an employer denies employees or job applicants equal employment opportunities based on their race. This can include discrimination because of certain facial features, hair textures, or other bodily characteristics associated with a particular race. Discrimination may occur when a person is married or related to another person of a certain race or color. 

  • Age discrimination.

It occurs when an employer discriminates against a person because of their age. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) prohibits discrimination against people aged 40 or above. Discrimination happens when the employer favors an employee younger than 40 more than someone older than 40. If both people are over 40, it does not fall under age discrimination. 

  • National origin discrimination. 

Denying equal employment opportunities to job applicants and existing workers because they belong to a different country or part of the world falls under national origin discrimination. This may involve having a different kind of accent, ethnic background, or facial features in some cases. In some companies, discrimination may include English-fluency requirements or policies. 

  • Sex discrimination.

Treating someone unfavorably because of their gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, or pregnancy is sex discrimination. Common examples of sex discrimination are denying equal pay or maternity leave to pregnant women, not offering a specific job to a male worker because of gender stereotypes, and refusing to hire someone because of their sexuality. 

  • Religious discrimination. 

Treating someone unfavorably because they belong to a particular religion is prohibited by the law. The US law protects people of all traditional religions, such as Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, and anyone who has religious beliefs. 

Although minor teasing may be permitted sometimes, making offensive remarks about a person’s religious beliefs and practices that create a hostile work environment is illegal. 

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